6 Common Mistakes Made by New Vegetable Growers
6 mistakes that novice vegetable growers at home often make: watering too often, "fertilizing" indiscriminately.
I found that many of the food friends have just started to grow vegetables or it hasn’t taken long for them to grow vegetables. Today I will sort out and share some of the mistakes made by novice vegetable growers at home. I hope it will help you and let you avoid detours on the road of growing vegetables. .
6 Common Mistakes Made by New Vegetable Growers
01 watering too often
Like growing flowers, the rarest reason why many vegetables are not well grown is that they are watered too often.
Novices who grow vegetables tend to be full of expectations for the dishes. They can’t wait to watch them seven or eight times a day, and unconsciously want to pour some water on the dishes, lest they get dry.
As a result, the poor dishes died because of too much water. Many parents water the water once in the morning and evening, which is a bit too much~
So how many days does it take to water? How much water should I water every day? To be honest, there is no standard answer to this. You only need to follow one principle: water only slightly dry (that is, see dry or wet).
Because the roots of vegetables can only absorb the small water molecules stored in the soil particles, and at the same time, they also need sufficient air (this is why the soil has good air permeability) to keep the root cells active, so it is necessary to allow the soil to dry properly. .
Vegetables drown or rot their roots, usually because the soil is too saturated with water and the roots cannot breathe, causing the roots to suffocate.
The general method to check whether it should be watered is to put your finger into the soil and pour it if the inside is dry, but the outside is dry, and the inside is still wet (you can also use wood poles and other things instead of testing).
After watering too much, the vegetables will generally show the following performances:
Leggy, crazy long stems, big long legs.
The leaves are yellow, and many people mistakenly think it is a lack of fertilizer, but in reality, there is rarely a lack of fertilizer during the seedling stage, most of which are caused by water.
Rotten roots, dug out after the plant died, and found that the roots have been rotten.
02. Improper watering time
People who usually go to work usually water the water in the morning or evening. This time is correct.
But there are also some pros who don't usually go out, water the plants at noon, especially in summer, it is easy to damage the vegetables.
On the one hand, because generally noon is the time when photosynthesis is strong, watering will affect the stomatal drainage of plants and reduce the efficiency of photosynthesis; on the other hand, the temperature at noon is higher, and watering at noon can easily cause vegetable roots to become "fried" after being stimulated by cold water. "The root phenomenon causes damage to vegetables (of course there are other effects).
03. Planting too densely and not willing to thinning
Considering the success rate of germination, we generally like to sow more seeds, which will generally grow denser after germination. Seeing a little bit of growing seedlings, many food friends are reluctant to pull them out, but this will cause no one to grow well.
Therefore, it is reluctant to pull out the seedlings and plant bad vegetables, and it is necessary to pull them out (the seedlings that have fallen off can also be eaten or transplanted into other containers).
04, chaotic "fertilization"
Proper fertilization during vegetable planting can help plants grow well. Many people have heard that rice-washing water and tea roots in daily life are good fertilizers, so every time they wash rice and drink tea, they directly pour water into the basin. The result is that n many small bugs grow out of the basin. The fertilizer was not made, but many small animals were raised~~
Many of these are good "raw materials" for organic liquid fertilizers. The problem is that some cannot be used directly, and they need to be refilled or fermented in advance.
05. Only think of prevention and control when the pests are serious
This is a common mistake that all vegetable farmers make. Once a vegetable gets sick, it usually breaks out within three to five days. If the prevention and control measures are not detected in time, it will become a devastating disaster in the later period.
Therefore, it is necessary to observe frequently, and it is best to find out and stop the pests in time when they just start.
However, the focus of pests is prevention. Therefore, it is recommended to do a good job in the prevention of plant diseases and insect pests. For example, cultivate the awareness of soil disinfection, and spray some green pesticides in time after the seedlings have grown to a certain height.
06, topping, trimming, pollination
Topping, trimming, and artificial pollination are necessary processes for many fruits and vegetables.
Many novice foodies don't have this awareness. As a result, the plants grow very high or very lush, but the fruits are few or very small, which is very distressing. So if you grow fruit and melon vegetables, you must do the topping, trimming, and pollination in time.